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Some Thoughts on Internal Communications (and why PowerPoint is not used for big decisions)

If you are giving a PowerPoint, you are not a decision maker. Your role is to share information clearly and concisely.  Are you Communicating with FINESSE?
If you are giving a PowerPoint, you are not a decision maker. Your role is to share information clearly and concisely.

My role is to discuss the foundation of internal communication. That can be peer-to-peer, department-to-department, senior management, and the board of directors. I am providing three thoughts on internal communications as part of these opening remarks. And I'll also note that I love the Confluence 2023 conference theme of “No PowerPoints.”

1. Communication is not part of the game. Communication is the game.

We are being asked to join a conversation because we have something to add. The assumption is that you are competent and know what you are talking about. How well we get our message across distinguishes us from others with similar knowledge or experience.

I serve on a couple of boards. For example, on the North Carolina Environmental Management Commission, we have a commissioner everyone turns to when we cannot understand an air quality issue from the complexities of long-staff PowerPoint presentations. Love him or hate him, this guy adds value by being able to communicate his expertise in concise, understandable terms.

The same holds true with every local government board that I consult with. There usually is one board member who understands and can explain financial issues in matters everyone else can understand. Sure, the staff knows. But they also feel obligated somehow to show all of the gory details. The board member, or occasionally the CFO, adds value above all others by explaining their expertise in concise, understandable terms.

2. No great decision is made with a PowerPoint.

When someone comes to you and says they are thinking about leaving your organization, do you break out the PowerPoint to try to save them? Or how about the last time you joined a new organization or recruited someone? Was the PowerPoint the tipping point? Of course not.

The same is true everywhere. My 84-year-old father recently had some cancer surgery. The doctor did not explain it to me with a PowerPoint. Neither did the vet when my favorite beagle was recently diagnosed as diabetic. And if you have ever been in legal or accounting trouble, they didn’t use a PowerPoint. If you followed the recent Murdoch murder trial in Walterboro, SC, I did not see a PowerPoint.

I share this with you, and you may want to draw up your toes because I may step on a few.

If you are giving a PowerPoint, you are not the decision maker.

For example, when we debate at the EMC, the Commissioners do not use PowerPoints in their deliberations. As a former Town Manager and someone who works with some of your boards, neither do your elected officials or utility board members.

So, if you are giving a PowerPoint, remind yourself that you are there to provide information. If this were a game of chess, you are a pawn and not a king, queen, or bishop. That’s ok because it puts you on realistic ground for internal communication. You are there to provide information, and PowerPoint is just one way – and maybe not the best.

3. The burden of effective communication is on the sender, not the receiver.

For communication to be interactive, two things must be present – compatible knowledge and a viable feedback loop. As a facilitator, those are the two most important things that I work to create among the participants. By way of example, I see several participants of the statewide water master plan framework and the Pee Dee River Basin Council here today.

I believe most of your internal communication is not that way. First, there is no compatible knowledge, or you would not be asked to present your knowledge in the first place. Second, if you are being asked to share your thoughts, the person doing the asking controls whether there is a feedback loop.

In working with a lot of project managers and young professionals (some old professionals, too), I am continually surprised when people say, "The board or the senior management just doesn’t understand.” Of course, they didn’t – that is why you were asked to present.

Or "They never even asked me one question." That is their prerogative. You work for them. Your expectation going into the presentation is that it will be one-way information sharing.


So, this really leaves us with the operating premise that internal communication is mostly linear, one-way communication. The burden is on you as the message sender because you have information that the decision makers need but don’t understand as well as you, and the other party controls whether there will be a feedback loop.

In reverse order.

3. Accept that the burden is on you. Do what it takes to be effective.

2. PowerPoint is not the most effective tool, or at least there are many other tools or techniques that will help you be effective.

1. Communication is the game. Internal Communication is the difference in whether your message is acted upon. Effective communication will enhance or stymie your career.


This text is from my remarks on a panel at the three-state 2023 Confluence Conference in Greenville, South Carolina. The panel theme was "Communication All Around." The two other panels provided their remarks on external communication and Intra-generational communication. A good, interactive session with conference participants followed the opening remarks.


This text, as drafted, is approximately 850 words. Grammar tools expect it will take a little over 7 minutes to speak.

In addition to this text, an opening of 250 words was used. Normally I can deliver 1000 to 1200 words in 10 minutes (my allocated time on this panel for an opening message, so a total of 1100 is appropriate).

The body of 850 words has a Flesch reading ease of 57.6 and a Flesch-Kincaid grade level of 8.7.


JD Solomon Inc provides solutions for facilitation, asset management, and program development at the nexus of facilities, infrastructure, and the environment. Communicating with FINESSE is the community of technical professionals dedicated to being highly effective communicators and facilitators. Learn more about our publications, webinars, and workshops. Join the community for free.


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